The BROADMAP project (Mapping Interoperable EU PPDR Broadband Communication Applications and Technology) will take the first steps towards future procurement of ‘interoperable next generation of broadband radio communication systems for public safety and security’ (DRS-18) to improve PPDR’s service to Europe’s citizens and enhance interoperability across borders. The primary goal of this project is to collect and validate the PPDR (Public Protection and Disaster Relief) organisations’ existing requirements with the aim to establish a core set of specifications, and a roadmap for procurement, to achieve future evolution of EU broadband applications and interoperable radio communication solutions This project implements a Coordination and Support Action (CSA) with the purpose to inform and guide the future procurement of research and development, networks and devices and their deployment to realise new interoperable broadband networks, and the ecosystems of applications and services to support the PPDR and critical communications community.
Starting from previous research experiences and tangible outcomes, STORM (Safeguarding Cultural Heritage through Technical and Organisational Resources Management) proposes a set of novel predictive models and improved non-invasive and non-destructive methods of survey and diagnosis, for effective prediction of environmental changes and for revealing threats and conditions that could damage cultural heritage sites. Moreover, STORM will determine how different vulnerable materials, structures and buildings are affected by different extreme weather events together with risks associated to climatic conditions or natural hazards, offering improved, effective adaptation and mitigation strategies, systems and technologies. An integrated system featuring novel sensors (intra fluorescent and wireless acoustic sensors), legacy systems, state of the art platforms (including LiDAR and UAVs), as well as crowdsourcing techniques will be implemented, offering applications and services over an open cloud infrastructure. An important result of STORM will be a cooperation platform for collaboratively collecting and enhancing knowledge, processes and methodologies on sustainable and effective safeguarding and management of European Cultural Heritage. The system will be capable of performing risk assessment on natural hazards taking into account environmental and anthropogenic risks, and of using Complex Events processing. Results will be tested in relevant case studies in five different countries: Italy, Greece, UK, Portugal and Turkey.
ESPREssO (Enhancing Synergies for disaster PRevention in the EurOpean Union) aims at contributing to a new strategic vision to approach natural risk reduction and climate change adaptation, thereby opening new frontiers for research and policy making. From this perspective it wants also to be of support to the EC research and development and to the JRC Knowledge Centre on Disaster Risk Management. To achieve this goal, the project structure is built upon the central role of three main challenges to be addressed in order to propose ways to mitigate differences, to identify gaps, and to overcome the boundaries among different topics: (1) To propose ways to create more coherent national and European approaches on Disaster Risk Reduction, Climate Change Adaptation and resilience strengthening, (2) To enhance risk management capabilities by bridging the gap between science and legal/policy issues at local and national levels in six European countries (3) To address the issue of efficient management of trans-boundary crises. The ESPREssO team is formed by partners having a well-known expertise in legal and governance issues and natural risk management, socio-economic aspects and resilience, hard science, statistical approaches to multi-risk and resilience.
The overall goal of ResiStand (Increasing disaster Resilience by establishing a sustainable process to support Standardisation of technologies and services) is to find new ways to improve the crisis management and disaster resilience capabilities of the European Union and individual Member States through standardisation. ResiStand contributes to an improved disaster resilience by identifying and analysing the drivers, constraints and expectations of three main stakeholder communities: Standardisation Organisations, End-Users and Suppliers, consisting of researchers, industry and SMEs. Based on this information, gaps in standardisation are identified and a prioritised roadmap for new initiatives will be created. The roadmap will be complemented by a critical evaluation of standards as a tool to improve disaster resilience.
The project HERACLES (HEritage Resilience Against CLimate Events on Site) aims to design, validate and promote responsive systems/solutions for effective resilience of Cultural Heritage (CH) against climate change effects, considering as a mandatory premise a holistic, multidisciplinary approach through the involvement of different expertise (end-users, industry/SMEs, scientists, conservators/restorators and social experts, decision, and policy makers). This will be operationally pursued with the development of a system exploiting an ICT platform able to collect and integrate multisource information in order to effectively provide complete and updated situational awareness and support decision for innovative measurements improving CH resilience, including new solutions for maintenance and conservation. The HERACLES effectiveness will be ensured by the design and validation of manageable methodologies also for the definition of operational procedures and guidelines for risk mitigation and management. It will be validated in two challenging test beds, key study cases for the climate change impact on European CH assets.
The project RESILENS (Realising European Resilience for Critical Infrastructure) aims to develop a European Resilience Management Guideline to assist in the application of resilience to critical infrastructure. This work entails the production of a Resilience Management Matrix and Audit Toolkit with which CI systems can conduct a quantitative and qualitative assessment to determine their level of resilience.
The project RESOLUTE aims to improve resilience in the Urban Transport Environment. The project recognises the ongoing profound transformation of urban environments in view of ecological, human and overall safety and security needs, as well as the growing importance of mobility within every human activity. It addresses the need to develop related efforts in increasing resilience, and to create a European Resilience Management Guide.
The project Smart Mature Resilience (SMR) aims to develop a guideline to assist European city decision-makers in developing and implementing resilience measures. It focusses on three core areas: Critical Infrastructure, Climate Change, and Social Dynamics. The project will develop tools to assess and enhance cities’ resilience. Researchers will work with cities to co-create tools which will be piloted, reviewed and evaluated by the participating cities and which will later are expected to be widespread and developed for commercial use.
The overall objective of IMPROVER (Improved risk evaluation and implementation of resilience concepts to Critical Infrastructure) is to improve European critical infrastructure resilience to crises and disasters through the implementation of resilience concepts to real life examples of pan-European significance, including cross-border examples. The improvement will arise through the development of a methodology for implementing combinations of societal, organisational and technological resilience concepts to critical infrastructure based on risk evaluation techniques and informed by a review of the positive impact of different resilience concepts on critical infrastructure.
The EDEN (End-user driven DEmo for cbrNe) project aims to cover the whole cycle (prevention, preparedness, response) of Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Explosive events (CBRNe) to develop and ensure the resilience capacity of the EU society. A key project aim will be to achieve the development of a "multi-faceted system of suystems approach" to provide an EU-tailored solution that will improve the CBRNe-equipment resilience and will allow enhanced interoperability between CBRNe operators. The expected impact from EDEN is to provide affordable CBRNE resilience and market sustainability through the better integration of the systems in real operations and in enhancing the safety of citizens.
SafeLife-X (Safe Life Extension management of aged infrastructures networks and industrial plants) focuses on aging of infrastructures, networks and industrial plants whose importance will continue to increase because of (a) need to continue operation of these infrastructures, networks and plants beyond the design life-time, (b) need to operate under changed conditions and (c) the increased role of existing plants in the optimized (“smart”) supply and utility networks of the future, e.g. as fall-back supply. SafeLife-X will explore the issue of aging as an opportunity for new technologies, services and businesses primarily in service and construction sectors, the latter being the largest EU industrial employer representing 9.9% of the GDP and 14.9 million operatives.
iNTeg-Risk (Early Recognition, Monitoring, and Integrated Management of Emerging, New Technology related Risks) is an FP7 in the area of “Nano-sciences, Nano-technologies, Materials and new Production Technologies”. iNTeg-Risk coordinated research and development sub-projects related to new materials and technologies for establishing a common EU approach to face the challenge of emerging risks within the following 15 years. The iNTeg-Risk solution was based on the analysis of 17 individual applications of new technologies, the so-called iNTeg-Risk ERRAs - Emerging Risk Representative Applications in EU Industry, involving e.g. nanotechnologies, H2 technologies, underground storage of CO2, new materials. The solutions from these single applications have been generalized and have been used for the definition of the iNTeg-Risk framework. The solution was made available to the users in the form of the iNTeg-Risk "one-stop shop". The solution included issues of early recognition and monitoring of emerging risks, communication, governance, pre-standardization, education & training, dissemination, as well as new tools such as Safetypedia, Atlas of Emerging Risks, Reference Library, etc.
SAF€RA was an ERA-NET project that aimed at coordinating the research investment among the EU Member States in the field of industrial safety. SAF€RA members combined expertise from various scientific disciplines and stakeholders constituting a community, sharing knowledge about industrial safety and joining resources for cooperative research projects. The project main objectives include building up sustainable channels for communication and effective instruments for collaboration between national programme owners, establishing joint programmes of transnational research projects between the involved Member States and developing and implementing common, joint, strategic activities to establish a durable European network for cooperation between key actors in the field of industrial safety.
This research aimed to identify and analyze vulnerabilities of all types and develop recommendations and technologies geared towards mitigating or preventing the associated risks. It also investigated strategies and procedures for rapidly returning the system or infrastructure to normal functioning in the event of a failure. The overall long-term goal was to build an infrastructure that is resilient, fault-tolerant and robust.
The DRIVER project brings together researchers, developers and practitioners from across Europe and focuses on three key areas: (a) Improving civil society resilience so that local communities are better prepared to respond to, and recover from, a disaster, (b) Strengthening first responders in terms of the crisis management solutions they have available to them, (c) Training and learning solutions designed to enhance the capacities and capabilities of trainers and human resources professionals dealing with those involved in crisis management. DRIVER is achieving these by establishing a distributed European test-bed for crisis management capability development with proven evaluation methodologies. DRIVER aims to assess and validate innovative, yet practical, crisis management solutions that work, that have been tried and tested, and above all are used for, and by, emergency practitioners. In addition to crisis management skills in Command, Control & Coordination, Civil Resilience and Training / Learning, the project will develop a networked test bed for the development of European crisis management skills. The test environment will be composed of physical units (test sites in various European crisis management organizations), simulation units and an appropriate methodology. It also analyses existing national and international crisis management organization and capabilities, as well as the political and legal framework.
The general aim of HARMONISE (A Holistic Approach to Resilience and Systematic Actions to Make Large Scale Built Infrastructure Secure) is to develop a comprehensive, multi-faceted, yet mutually reinforcing concept for the enhanced security, resilience and sustainability of urban infrastructure and development. HARMONISE will result in resilience enhancement methods for large scale urban built infrastructures. It will achieve the development of a concept to improve the security and resilience of this infrastructure, encompassing the design and planning phases of such projects (and thereby leading to robust built infrastructure invulnerable to natural/man-made disasters). Ultimately, HARMONISE aims to improve the design and planning of urban areas, thereby increasing their security and resilience to new threats.
The CRISMA Integration Project focused on large scale crisis scenarios with immediate and extended human, societal, structural and economic, often irreversible, consequences and impacts. Typically, these crisis scenarios cannot be managed alone with regular emergency and first responder resources, but require multi-organisational and multi-national cooperation including humanitarian aid. The CRISMA project developed a simulation-based decision support system, for modelling crisis management, improved action and preparedness. The CRISMA System facilitated simulation and modelling of realistic crisis scenarios, possible response actions, and the impacts of crisis depending on both the external factors driving the crisis development and the various actions of the crisis management team.
New Strains to society; Hidden, Dynamic and Emergent Vulnerabilities
The project developed new perspectives and methods to assess hidden and emergent vulnerabilities to societal safety and security by combining knowledge from natural and social scientists. The main objective was to develop an analytical framework to understand vulnerabilities that may be ignored, forgotten, never thought of, impossible to identify, misperceived or underestimated. The project set out to stress-test how society can accommodate new strains and vulnerabilities. It addressed issues like the way with which current risk assessment methods and approaches are able to address the new strains of society, the ability of current methods and approaches to accommodate new strains and the the frontiers and limits of the proposed methods.
DARWIN is an EU funded research project under the Horizon 2020 research programme. The project is focussed on improving responses to expected and unexpected crises affecting critical societal structures during natural disasters (e.g. flooding, earthquakes) and man-made disasters (e.g cyber-attacks). To achieve this, DARWIN will develop European resilience management guidelines aimed at critical infrastructure managers, crisis and emergency response managers, service providers, first responders and policy makers. Infrastructure operators will have up-to-date and effective guidelines at their disposal to facilitate faster, more effective and highly adaptive responses to crises. This will have a direct impact on the safety of European citizens in times of crisis and disaster into the future. The DARWIN resilience guidelines will also be of significant benefit for governments of EU member states. To ensure the guidelines are dynamic, effective and user-friendly, the project will adopt innovative tools, including serious gaming and training packages. The guidelines will also be tested in strategic pilot studies in two key sectors Healthcare and Air Traffic Management (ATM). The results and insights generated from the pilot studies will then be applied to the guidelines.
City.Risks will leverage a set of innovative technologies, city infrastructures as well as Web and social media technologies aiming to increase the security level of citizens in large cities. Through City.Risks solution the citizens in modern smart cities will be actively contributing to the fight against crime and the increase of security level in their daily activities.
In ReSMaM (Resilience-based Safety Management and Monitoring), the concept of organizational resilience was a core concept, addressing challenges from Building Safety. This involved (1) accentuating organizational and managerial contributions in order to enable resilience, and (2) emphasizing the need for a coordinated and mutually harmonized sensitivity and interaction across different decision contexts and situations (e.g. operator and contractor). The overarching aim was to address how prevailing safety management principles and practices, based on compliance – can be supplied by resilience-based principles and practices, and so form the basis for an integrated and more efficient safety management in complex and dynamic situations. The project developed new knowledge, theories, and methods related to the interrelations between a complex technological system, its human operators, and the organization. This was achieved by concerted actions between engineering scientists, psychologists, and social scientists. New approaches to and a method for risk monitoring was developed focusing on the use of risk indicators. The method was called REWI - Resilience-based Early Warning Indicators for early warning (leading indicators) of potential major accidents. The project established knowledge to build resilient operational organisations to reduce risk to personnel and environment.
ENGAGE is a combination of CP-CSA project funded under the European Commission FP7 Programme. The main goal of ENGAGE project is the development and use of a data infrastructure, incorporating distributed and diverse public sector information (PSI) resources, capable of supporting scientific collaboration and research, particularly for the Social Science and Humanities (SSH) scientific communities, while also empowering the deployment of open governmental data towards citizens. The ENGAGE e-infrastructure is envisaged to promote a highly synergetic approach to governance research, by providing the ground for experimentation to actors from both ICT and non-ICT related disciplines and scientific communities, as well as by ensuring that the scientific outcomes are made accessible to the citizens, so that they can monitor public service delivery and influence the decision making process. By using the ENGAGE platform, researchers and citizens will be able to submit, acquire, search and visualize diverse, distributed and derived Public sector datasets from all the countries of the European Union.
The project RESCCUE (RESilience to cope with Climate Change in Urban arEas - a multisectorial approach focusing on water) aims to deliver a framework enabling city resilience assessment, planning and management by integrating into software tools new knowledge related to the detailed water-centred modelling of strategic urban services performance into a comprehensive resilience platform. These tools will assess urban resilience from a multisectorial approach, for current and future climate change scenarios and including multiple hazards. An adaptation strategies portfolio, including climate services, ecosystem-based approaches and resource efficiency measures will be incorporated as key components of the deployment strategy. The validation platform is formed by 3 EU cities (Barcelona, Lisbon and Bristol) that will allow testing the innovative tools developed in the project and disseminating their results among other cities belonging to major international networks.
The approach of BRIGAID (BRIdges the GAp for Innovations in Disaster resilience) is supported by three pillars: (1) At first BRIGAID takes into account the geographical variability of climate-related hazards and their interaction with socio-economic changes, (2) BRIGAID establishes structural, on-going support for innovations that are ready for validation in field tests and real life demonstrations and (3) BRIGAID develops a framework that enables an independent, scientific judgement of the socio-technological effectiveness of an innovation. BRIGAID (a) brings actively together innovators and end-users in Communities of Innovation, resulting in increased opportunities for market-uptake; (b) contributes to the development of a technological and performance standards for adaptation options by providing a Test and Implementation Framework (TIF) and test facilities throughout Europe; (c) Improves innovation capacity and the integration of new knowledge by establishing an innovators network and (d) strengthens the competitiveness and growth of companies with the support of a dedicated business team.
The project SUCCESS (Securing Critical Energy Infrastructures) will develop an overarching approach to threat and countermeasure analysis with special focus on the vulnerabilities introduced by Smart Meters. The main challenge is to create the conditions in Europe for the future energy system to be as reliable as todays. Starting from a security by design approach and placing resiliency and survivability in focus, a new joint design of Energy Infrastructure and ICT will be proposed. Following on the research results, an implementation approach is pursued based on the definition of a New-generation Open Real-time smart Meter (NORM) as a key building block. NORM aims to secure the end nodes of the energy system while providing innovative services in a customer centric grid. At systems level, a cloud-approach, based on double virtualization, will be proposed. Countermeasures will include specifications and open source software for Next Generation Open Real time smart Meters and Security Monitoring Centres at DSO and Pan-European levels, secure communications solutions using NFV, LTE and 5G technologies complemented by data privacy studies to ensure the acceptability of the results by consumers. Trials will be run in Ireland, Italy and Romania.
The project I-REACT (Improving Resilience to Emergencies through Advanced Cyber Technologies) targets public administration authorities, private companies, as well as citizens in order to provide increased resilience to natural disasters though better analysis and anticipation, effective and fast emergency response, increased awareness and citizen engagement. I-REACT integrates existing services, both local and European, into a platform that supports the entire emergency management cycle. Leveraging on innovative cyber technologies and ICT systems, I-REACT will enable early planning of disaster risk reduction actions, will achieve effective preparedness thanks to risk assessment and early warnings, and will efficiently manage emergency responses by empowering first-responders with up-to-date situational information and by engaging citizens through crowdsourcing approaches and social media analysis. I-REACT will integrate multiple systems and European assets, including the Copernicus Emergency Management Service, the European Flood Awareness System (EFAS), the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS), and European Global Navigation Satellite Systems (E-GNSS), e.g. Galileo and EGNOS.
The aim of project ANYWHERE (EnhANcing emergencY management and response to extreme WeatHER and climate Events) is to empower exposed responder institutions and citizens to enhance their anticipation and pro-active capacity of response to face extreme and high-impact weather and climate events. This will be achieved through the operational implementation of cutting-edge innovative technology as the best way to enhance citizen's protection and saving lives. ANYWHERE proposes to implement a Pan-European multi-hazard platform providing a better identification of the expected weather-induced impacts and their location in time and space before they occur. This platform will support a faster analysis and anticipation of risks prior the event occurrence, an improved coordination of emergency reactions in the field and help to raise the self-preparedness of the population at risk. The platform will be adapted to provide early warning products and locally customizable decision support services proactively targeted to the needs and requirements of the regional and local authorities, as well as public and private operators of critical infrastructures and networks. It will be implemented and demonstrated in 4 selected pilot sites to validate the prototype that will be transferred to the real operation.
The project LIQUEFACT (Assessment and mitigation of liquefaction potential across Europe: a holistic approach to protect structures / infrastructures for improved resilience to earthquake-induced liquefaction disasters) focuses on Earthquake Induced Liquefaction Disasters (EILDs) that are responsible for tremendous amounts of structural damages and fatalities and specifically on Liquefaction, that is a phenomenon, with previously a low profile until recent earthquake events, in which the stiffness and strength of soil is reduced by seismic activity. With the causes of Liquefaction being known, it is important to recognize the factors that contribute to its occurrence; as well as the resulting hazards. It will develop a systematic approach for assessing the possibility of liquefaction on a site, prior to construction, and for implementing the most appropriate liquefaction mitigation techniques. However, the variability of circumstances, invariably translates to multiple approaches of implementation, based on the susceptibility of the location to liquefaction, as well as the type and size of structure. The LIQUEFACT project addresses the mitigation of risks to EILD events in European communities with a holistic approach. The project not only deals with the resistance of structures to EILD events, but also, the resilience of the collective urban community in relation to their quick recovery from an occurrence. The LIQUEFACT project sets out to achieve a more comprehensive understanding of EILDs, the applications of the mitigation techniques, and the development of more appropriate techniques tailored to each specific scenario, for both Europe and global.
The project CLISEL (Climate Security with Local Authorities) proposes an innovative approach to the question of how Europe can be secured from the impacts of climate change in Third Countries. CLISEL is based on the presumption that many indirect impacts on Europe’s security emerge and are felt at the local scale, within Europe itself. It explores the climate-security nexus from the perspective of local administrations and communities, based on the idea that innovations in the exercise of regulatory power of local authorities can contribute to enhance the understanding of the indirect security implications of climate change in Third countries, as well as to take proactive action. In particular, CLISEL looks at the issue of climate-induced migration, an issue often cited as an indirect security dimension of climate change, from the perspective of local administrators in Sardinia. The aim is to understand the extent to which migrants from ecologically vulnerable Third Countries are perceived as a security issue, the reasons why that is (not) the case, as well as the policies and actions through which local administrators can ward off the emergence of security crisis within their territory.